Beginnings Of Art Photography 4

Thursday, April 14, 2011
P108 Notes
By Patrick Melbourne

History of Photography
Beginnings of Art Photography

• Documentary: Truth, History, Record

• Vernacular: Personal, Snapshot, Private

• Art: Artist, False, Beautiful

Degas, Musicians in the Orchestra 1972
Photography starts trying to find its place, begins emulating painting.

Some painters called photography “Cheating and too easy.”

Photography started trying to get creative because they had to do something photography couldn’t do (Started utilizing crazy colors, etc.)

Degas, Absinthe 1876
Degas and other painters were using photos for his painting.
Degas, La Toilette c1895
Degas, Seated Nude 1895
Degas, After the Bath Woman Drying Her Back 1896
Degas, After the Bath, 1896

1. Machine vs the Hand of the Artist
2. Are Products of a Camera unequal to painting?
3. Some painters thought it was equal or at least a good tool.
4. Changing what people want out of their paintings

Delacroix, La liberte Guidant le people 1830
Courbet, Burial at Ornans 1850
Courbet, The Stone Breakers 1850
Millet, The Gleaners 1857
Nadar, Manet 1874
Manet, Le Dejeuner sur l’Herbe 1863
Manet, Olympia 1863

Nadar, Jules Verne
Nadar, Sarah Bernhardt 1864
Nadar, Comic (Artist Palette kicking Camera out of the Fine Art exposition)
Nadar View of the Catacombs, 1861

Nadar was the first photographer to utilize artificial light in his photography.

Nadar’s magnesium lamp 1861
Nadar, Victor Hugo on His Deathbed, 1885

(They had a close relationship)

Britain and Pre Raphaelite Brotherhood

William Holdman Hunt, The Hireling Shepherd, 1859

Pre Raphaelite = Before the Renaissance
Rediscovering Renaissance roots.
Artists started trying out new subject matter (No Greeks & Goddesses, No Bible Stories, No Kings & Queens)

Julia Margaret Camron

Cameron is a female wealthy aristocrat, a lot of her work shot in India because she was married to a British jurist who worked there.

Was respected for being an amateur photographer because she could take pictures for arts sake.

Cameron, Ellen Terry at Age Sixteen, 1864
Cameron, My grandchild Archie aged 2 years & 3 months 1865
Cameron, Whisper of the Muse GF Watts 1865
Cameron, Thy will be done 1872
Cameron, The parting of Sir Lancelot and Queen Guinevere 1874
(She started using medieval themes.)
If you didn’t know, Lancelot is a Knight of the Round table. Queen Guinevere was King Arthurs wife. See: Adultery.

Cameron, Vivien and Merlin 1874

John William Waterhouse, The Lady of Shallot 1888 (Painting)
Cameron , Elaine 1874
Cameron, Charles Darwin 1868

Lewis Carroll
(Alice in Wonderland)
Carroll, Self portait c1869

Carroll, Alice Liddell, 1958

1. Excessive pride or self-confidence.

Victorian period was the height of British Hubris (Sun never sets on the British)
People were extremely formal.

Carroll, Lorina, Alice and Edith Liddell
Carroll, Effie & John Millais c1860
Carroll, Beatrice Hatch, 1873
Carroll, Xie Kitchin 1870
Carroll, Xie Kitchin With Umbrella 1875

Carroll basically enjoyed taking photos of younger girls and swapped them out when they got too old.

(Hawarden was another Female Photographer, wasn’t famous during her lifetime)
Photographs her daughters

(Women who painted women and children)

Cassatt, Tea
Cassatt, The Child’s Bath 1893

Composite Photography
The art of mixing photographs together

Robinson, Fading Away 1858
(Controversial photograph because people thought it was wrong to take pictures like this)

The Reason he was compositing was because Robinson wanted to show his “hand” in the craft.

Tuberculosis (The Subject of Fading Away) was a very romanticized illness.

Robinson, When the Days Work is Done 1877
Robinson, Figures in Landscape Gelligynan Series c1880

Another composite Photographer

Rejlander, Hard Times 1860

Rejlander, Two Ways of Life 1857
Composit of over 30 photos
Rejlander, Two Urchins play a Game c1860
Rejander, Poor Jo 1860

Ulesman – Another composite photographer: Trippy “Dorm room poster” Photographs
Mutter - …Another composite Photographer.

Naturalism in art refers to the depiction of realistic objects in a natural setting.

Emerson, A Stiff Pull
Emerson, Gathering Water Lillies

Pictures are significant because the photographers “A sample photo can be art”